Spartium junceum - Genêt d'Espagne
- Plein soleil
- Tolère un peu de vent
- Sol sec à moyen. Tolère la sécheresse.
- Tous sols. Nécessite un sol drainant. Tolère les sols pauvres.
- Sol acide ou calcaire
- Zone 8
- Habitat originel
- Dry situations amongst rocks and in bushy places, usually on limestone soils[45, 148].
- Origine géographique
- S. Europe to N. Africa. Naturalized in S. Britain.
- The young herbaceous tips of flowering shoots are harvested in spring, generally in May .
- They can be used fresh or dried and are cardiotonic, cathartic, diuretic, emetic and purgative [4, 7, 89].
- The seeds can also be used .
- The plant is an efficacious and potent diuretic .
- This plant is 5 - 6 times more active than the medicinally similar Cytisus scoparius and should be used with caution since large doses are likely to upset the stomach and cause purging .
- A fibre from the stems is a hemp substitute .
- It is used to make thread, cordage and coarse fabrics [4, 7, 11, 61, 89, 160, 169].
- It is also used for stuffing pillows etc and for making paper .
- The smaller stems are used in basket making [7, 46, 61, 89, 160].
- The branches are often made into brooms .
- une teinture jaune est obtenue à partir des fleurs [7, 89, 148, 169].
- An essential oil is obtained from the flowers, it is used in perfumery [46, 61].
- 1200kg of flowers yields 300 - 350gr absolute .
- Succeeds in any well-drained but not too fertile soil in a sunny position .
- Prefers a lime free soil according to one report whilst another says that it thrives on alkaline and poor sandy soils .
- Very wind resistant, tolerating maritime exposure [166, 200].
- Tolerates atmospheric pollution and thrives on hot dry banks [11, 166].
- A very ornamental plant, it is hardy to between -10 and -18°c when in a suitable position .
- The flowers have a fragrance that has been likened to oranges .
- Plants can become leggy if grown in a sheltered position or too rich a soil, but they can be pruned almost to the ground and will resprout from the base [K].
- They can also be trimmed in early spring in order to keep them more compact .
- Plants are intolerant of root disturbance, they are best grown in pots and planted out into their permanent positions whilst still small .
- Plants often self-sow in Britain .
- Rabbits love eating this plant when it is young [1, K].
- Ces plantes ont une relation symbiotique avec des bactéries du sol qui forment des nodules sur les racines et fixent l'azote atmosphérique .
- Une partie de cet azote est utilisé par la plante mais une partie est disponible aux autres plantes poussant à proximité .
- Seed - pre-soak 24 hours in hot water and sow February/March in a greenhouse .
- It usually germinates well and quickly [78, 200].
- The seed can also be autumn sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame .
- Repiquez les pousses dans des pots individuels quand elles sont suffisamment grandes pour être manipulées .
- If sufficient growth is made, it is possible to plant out in the summer, otherwise overwinter them in a cold frame and plant out in late spring of the following year .
- En fleur
- 6 - 9
- Maturité des graines
- 8 - 10
- Type de fleur
- Hermaphrodite (les fleurs ont des organes mâles et femelles)
- Autres réferences
- [11, 17, 200]
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see ).
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