Meconopsis aculeata

Famille: Papaveraceae, Genre: Meconopsis
Vivace (0.6m de haut).

Habitat

Exposition
Mi-ombre
Humidité
Humidité moyenne.
Sol
Tous sols. Nécessite un sol drainant.
pH
Non calcaire
Rusticité
Zone 7
Habitat originel
Rocky slopes and damp rocks, 3000 - 4000 metres[51]
Origine géographique
E. Asia - W. Himalayas from Pakistan to Uttar Pradesh.

Dangers connus

  • The whole plant, but especially the root, is considered to be poisonous, it contains narcotic principles [211, 240].

Comestibilité

  • The plant is said to be edible[145] but no further details are known, not even which part of the plant can be eaten .

Usages médicinaux

  • The root contains narcotic principles [211, 240].
  • The entire plant is used in Tibetan medicine, where it is considered to have a bitter taste and a cooling potency [241].
  • Analgesic and febrifuge, it is used to help heal broken bones, to treat inflammation from fractures and pain in the upper bodily region, especially around the ribs [241].

Culture

  • Grows best in a woodland soil in partial shade [1, 200].
  • The soil should be lime-free, moist, well-drained and moderately rich [200].
  • Dislikes full sun and windy positions [200].
  • Monocarpic, the plants living for a number of years before flowering but then dying once they flower [200].

Propagation

  • Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in late summer .
  • Spring sown seed is slower to germinate [200].
  • Quand ils sont suffisament développés pour être manipulés, repiquez les semis dans des pots individuels et replantez les en été .

Calendrier

En fleur
7 - 8
Maturité des graines
9

Pollinisation

Type de fleur
Hermaphrodite (les fleurs ont des organes mâles et femelles)
Auto-fertile
Non

Divers

Pollution
Non
Autres réferences
[51, 200]

Réferences

[1] F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 1951.
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[51] Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. 1984.
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
[200] Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[211] Coventry. B. O. Wild Flowers of Kashmir 1923.
A nice little pocket guide to 50 wildflowers of Kashmir. This is part one of three, we have not seen the other two volumes
[240] Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). 1986.
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
[241] Tsarong. Tsewang. J. Tibetan Medicinal Plants 1994.
A nice little pocket guide to the subject with photographs of 95 species and brief comments on their uses.