Lotus corniculatus - Lotier commun
- Plein soleil
- Tolère un peu de vent
- Sol sec à moyen.
- Tous sols. Nécessite un sol drainant. Tolère les sols pauvres.
- Sol acide ou calcaire
- Zone 5
- Habitat originel
- Pastures and sunny banks of streams, especially on calcareous soils[7, 13, 17].
- Origine géographique
- Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to N. Africa and temperate Asia.
- All parts of the plant are poisonous, containing cyanogenic glycosides(hydrogen cyanide) [65, 76].
- Il a été démontré qu'en petites quantités, le cyanure d'hydrogène stimule la respiration et améliore la digestion. Il est également réputé bénéfique dans le traitement du cancer. .
- En excès, cela peut empêcher la respiration de la plante, voire sa mort .
- This species is polymorphic for cyanogenic glycosides .
- The flowers of some forms of the plant contain traces of prussic acid and so the plants can become mildly toxic when flowering .
- They are completely innocuous when dried .
- The young seedpods are 'nibbled' .
- Caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity .
- Carminative, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic, restorative, vermifuge .
- The flowers are antispasmodic, cardiotonic and sedative .
- The root is carminative, febrifuge, restorative and tonic .
- The plant is used externally as a local anti-inflammatory compress in all cases of skin inflammation .
- An orange-yellow dye is obtained from the flowers .
- A useful green manure plant, fixing atmospheric nitrogen .
- It is difficult to see this plant as a useful green manure, it is fairly slow growing with us and does not produce much bulk [K].
- Requires a well-drained soil in a sunny position .
- N'aime pas l'ombre .
- Does well on poor soils .
- An important food plant for many caterpillars .
- It is also a good bee plant, the flowers providing an important source of nectar .
- The flowers are powerfully scented, even though they are able to pollinate themselves .
- The plant spreads very freely at the roots .
- Ces plantes ont une relation symbiotique avec des bactéries du sol qui forment des nodules sur les racines et fixent l'azote atmosphérique .
- Une partie de cet azote est utilisé par la plante mais une partie est disponible aux autres plantes poussant à proximité .
- Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in the spring or autumn in situ .
- The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 15°c .
- If seed is in short supply, it can be sown in pots in a cold frame .
- When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring or early summer .
- En fleur
- 6 - 9
- Maturité des graines
- 8 - 10
- Type de fleur
- Hermaphrodite (les fleurs ont des organes mâles et femelles)
- Autres réferences
- [17, 200]
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see ).
Covers plants growing in Europe. Also gives other interesting information on the plants. Good photographs.
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
An excellent book on Lepidoptera, it also lists their favourite food plants.
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
Brilliant. Goes into technical details but in a very readable way. The best work on the subject that I've come across so far.
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers.
Concentrates mainly on the effects of poisonous plants to livestock.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
A translation of an ancient Chinese herbal. Fascinating.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.