Lonicera nitida - Chèvrefeuille

Famille: Caprifoliaceae, Genre: Lonicera
Arbuste à croissance rapide et à feuilles persistantes (3m de haut par 3m de large).

Habitat

Exposition
Toutes expositions
Humidité
Humidité moyenne. Tolère la sécheresse.
Sol
Tous sols. Nécessite un sol drainant.
pH
Sol acide ou calcaire
Rusticité
Zone 7
Habitat originel
In scrub and along streams, 1300 - 2100 metres in Yunnan and W. Sichuan[184].
Origine géographique
Asie orientale - Chine

Autres usages

  • Can be grown as a medium sized hedge .
  • It is very fast growing but needs lots of trimming [29, 200].
  • It is quite frequently used as a hedge plant in Britain [200].
  • The forms 'Graziosa' and 'Maigrün (Maygreen) can be used as ground cover plants [182, 197].

Culture

  • A very easily grown and tolerant plant, it succeeds in any fertile soil, preferring a good moist soil in a sunny position [11, 200].
  • Succeeds in deep shade [202].
  • Established plants are fairly drought tolerant, so long as there is plenty of humus in the soil [190].
  • Les plants résistent jusqu'à environ -15°C [184, 202].
  • Another report says that it is not very hardy in northern Britain and that it rarely fruits in Britain [1].
  • Plants seem to be immune to the predations of deer [182].
  • A number of forms have been developed for their ornamental value [182].
  • Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can regrow from very old wood [202].
  • Les plantes de ce genre sont notamment résistantes aux armillaires (champignons) [200].

Propagation

  • Graine - le mieux est de semer dès qu'elles sont mûres sous un chassis .
  • Stored seed requires 2 months cold stratification[113] and should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame .
  • Quand ils sont suffisament développés pour être manipulés, repiquez les semis dans des pots individuels et culitivez les dans une serre pour au moins leur premier hiver .
  • Plantez les à leurs positions définitives à la fin du printemps ou au début de l'été, après les dernières gelées .
  • Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with or without a heel, July/August in a frame .
  • Bons résultats [78].
  • Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 15 - 20cm with or without a heel, November in a cold frame .
  • Bons résultats [78].
  • coucher à l'automne [200].

Calendrier

En feuille
1 - 12

Pollinisation

Type de fleur
Hermaphrodite (les fleurs ont des organes mâles et femelles)
Auto-fertile
Oui
Pollinisateurs
Insectes

Divers

Pollution
Non
Autres réferences
[11, 200]

Réferences

[1] F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 1951.
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[11] Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. 1981.
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
[29] Shepherd. F.W. Hedges and Screens. 1974.
A small but informative booklet giving details of all the hedging plants being grown in the R.H.S. gardens at Wisley in Surrey.
[78] Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. 1948.
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
[182] Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. 1992.
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
[184] Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. 1989.
Excellent photographs and a terse description of 1900 species and cultivars.
[190] Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. 1982.
A good list of drought resistant plants with details on how to grow them.
[197] Royal Horticultural Society. Ground Cover Plants. 1989.
A handy little booklet from the R.H.S.
[200] Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[202] Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. 1990.
Contains information on 2,000 species and cultivars, giving details of cultivation requirements. The text is terse but informative.